In a major development for both Los Angeles residents and the nation at large, the Pew Hispanic Center has released a new report that outlines Mexican immigration trends of the past two decades. The data shows that immigration from Mexico has hit “net zero” – the number of people coming in is (roughly) equal to the people going out. From 1995 to 2000, about three million people hailing from Mexico immigrated to the U.S., more than four times the number of people performing the reverse.
From 2005 to 2010, a mere 1.4 million people from Mexico immigrated to the U.S., matching the number of people from the U.S. who went to Mexico during the same time frame. Enhanced immigration laws and enforcement are surely contributing to this trend, though a sagging American economy (paired with an uptick in the Mexican economy) and the treacherous nature of crossing the border are factors as well. Ultimately, this stagnation may impact employment and work visa applications.
With the health of the economy seemingly changing by the minute, qualified Mexican citizens may look elsewhere for employment; which means where once there were many work visa applicants, there may no longer be the demand. The cause-and-effect of “net zero” could ripple further, prompting employment immigration reform, possibly loosening work visa restrictions.
However, the report also found that legal immigration from Mexico to the U.S. increased during the 2007-2011 window (5.6 million in 2007, 5.8 million in 2011). Authorized entry into the U.S. is a process, just like attaining a work visa. But with the right guidance and support, an applicant could be approved quickly and move ahead with their lives.
Source: Multi-American, “Net migration from Mexico has stopped – now what?,” Leslie Berestein Rojas, April 23, 2012